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How to grow Coriander organically?

Iran and China are world's most coriander produce countries. Along with them almost every southern Asian country produce coriander. The production amount is not certain because it does not use according to  its weight. 

In India, people use  coriander in their almost every main course meal. People use it as garnishing with curries, vegetables  and few other snacks.India is the country where coriander use as medical purposes.

How to grow Coriander in garden or yard?

Coriander is neither a vegetable nor a fruit. Coriander is just a green plant with fresh and herb fragrance. 

Organic coriander plant

Coriander plant has a very thin and flowery leaves. Every leaf own the same inconsistency of fragrance. 

Coriander plant doesn't get long height but it can last at least for 3 to 3.5 months.

The growth of coriander depends on the land it gets. It becomes bushy sometimes and sometimes longer, all depend on the gap between plants.

Coriander leaves 

The main purpose of coriander is to get fresh green herb leaves and then coriander seeds after. After getting mature(40 to 50 days), it produce fresh green leaves for next 1 month, it provides fresh leaves but after getting saturated growth, it starts to get a stable state. After getting the longest height, it stops, producing new coriander leaves.

These leaves stay fresh at least a day in moderate temperature but in hot temperature, its freshness started to lose moisture and get dry too early. But these leaves can stay longer and be preserved in the freezer or by showering or putting them in a high humidity area. 

Some people love to use coriander leaves as much as fresh possible in their dishes, but some people in rural areas dry them and store their dry and crushed form for future purposes. They use these dry leaves in making the process of coriander powder.  

Requirements to grow coriander from seeds

Preparing organic fertile soil mixture

Coriander grows in Least ater holding soil only. In other soils, they either get yellowish or do not get full growth. 

Loamy soil is best for coriander cultivation.

You can take 7:3 of soil and organic compost before sowing coriander seeds. It means if you are making 1 kg soil mixture the you need 700 gm of soil and 300 gm organic compost. Spray some water and moist soil is ready to grow coriander.

Temperature and humidity

Coriander plant usually grows in temperature between 15 to 28 degree Celcius. 

With such temperature, it requires 55% humidity which is not possible in the too hot  and too cold season. So coriander plant cultivation only happens between the month of May-June and September-October in south Asian countries mostly.

Methods of growing coriander 

Apart from the preparation for coriander plant cultivation, there are two main methods of growing better coriander plants-

Scattering of seeds directly

As mentioned above, coriander requires a small land because it is not taken as the main diet (vegetable). 

People use crushed seeds(just by rubbing with both hands or a tool) of coriander and then soak them in water overnight. 

On the next day, they just scatter them in the field and cover them with the fertilized soil and spray the water on them. 

Preparation of hedges 

Hedges are a modern way of growing so many vegetable crops, non-food crops also. 

To make hedges, people dig the soil of half food in the total area. After that, people turn the soil into three-dimensional triangular beds. These beds rest on the same gap difference with the fixed width of the gully. 

Then 8 to 10 small, overnight soaked, crushed seeds sprinkle with a gap of 15 cm. in every hedge. They cover with the same soil and spray of water provides them the condition to get ready. 

Irrigation of coriander plants

Coriander plants don't require heavy water supply because they can survive in moderate humidity. They just need some showering with certain period of time. 

Once the plants become mature then they don't lose production due to lack of water. 

Green Coriander seeds

After the last few greenery leaves, coriander plant started to fertile its flowers. 

Finally, the time comes when the coriander plant started to fertile the green coriander seeds. These green coriander seeds present in bunches on every branch. After producing these green seeds, the plant started to lose its lifeline, and then comes the time when separation of these seeds started.  

How to grow dry coriander seeds?

Dry coriander is the dried version of the green coriander seeds. There is a small process to get a good amount of coriander seeds from a small portion of land. 

When the coriander plant stops its growth, at that time, people provide them a partial amount of organic fertilizers. 

Most plants produce seeds for reproduction. These green coriander seeds of the same plant become dry coriander seeds later. 

  • First, the process of harvesting the plants (cutting of full-grown plants) arranged. Next, the process of separation of green seeds starts. 
  • For this separation, the basic method is flicking the plants on the ground. This method separates most of the green seeds from plants.The rest of the seeds can pick easily. 
  • The second process is to separate the green waste of plants from green seeds. 
  • The most reliable method for this separation is also filtration(solid filtration). 
  • Another method is separation by hot and dry air. This method requires a machine to produce such air with controlled features. 
  • Now, after separation, the drying process starts. A concrete plane or dry cotton cloth require to spread the green seeds in the sunlight. Using sunlight is the cheapest way to dry them but at some places, electrical tools are useful too. 
  • The raw sunlight for at least 10 to 15 days is enough to convert them into dry seeds. 
  • So, after getting dry coriander seeds, people fill them in jars or in dry big pots for at least a season.

These seeds don't get any disease or fungal infection until the bad rainy conditions with very heavy moisture. 

Ordinary or organic coriander plant cultivation only practice in a portion of large land. It is a denser crop that does not use as same as other grains and vegetables. It is just taken as a complementary element of food

Coriander seeds benefits

  • The dry coriander seeds help in the digestive process. The presence of coriander seeds helps to maintain the lack of vitamin c and some oils in the body.
  • The coriander seeds use in the process of storing active food for a long time. 
  • Coriander seeds are beneficial for skin diseases and infections. It has an important role to fight fungal bacterias.
  • Dry coriander powder use in heart diseases and sugar diseases as ayurvedic medicine. 
  • In some places, coriander powder is helpful to preserve meat for a long time, especially in moderate weather conditions. 

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