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Bamboo farming investment and Profit per acre in 2022

Bamboo farming profit is not similar to other seasonal and yearly crops. Despite this, Bamboo farming is more profitable than other commercial crops like food and non-food cash crops.

Bamboo farming yield starts from the 3rd  or 4th year, later up to 50 years from the day of the plantation. 

Bamboo farming and production per acre 

Bamboo farming investment per acre

Most of the investment part in Bamboo farming does invest in the very 1st year of cultivation. Basic investment does use to build water systems, fertilizers, nursery plants, and irrigation water. 

Bamboo farming profit per acre

From the 2nd year to the next 10 years, investment does reduce just to arrange fertilizers and irrigation water only.

Here, you will get the investment details for next 5 years.  

1st-year investment 

  • Water system cost- 40000 INR
  • Nursery plants cost- 200 INR
  • Fertilizers cost- 10000 INR
  • Irrigation water cost- 4000 INR
  • Labor cost- 10000 INR(for overall 30 to 50 days in year)
Total cost- 64200 INR

2nd-year investment

  • Irrigation water cost- 5000 INR
  • Fertilizers cost- 15000 INR
Total cost- 20000 INR

3rd-year investment

  • Irrigation water- 5000 INR
  • Labor cost - 10000 INR
  • Transportation cost- 10000 INR
  • Marketing cost- 3000 INR
Total cost- 28000 INR

4th-year investment

  • Fertilizers cost- 20000 INR
  • Irrigation water cost- 6000 INR
  • Labor cost- 10000 INR
  • Transportation cost- 12000 INR
  • Marketing cost- 3000 INR
Total cost- 51000 INR

5th-year investment

  • Fertilizers cost- 18000 INR
  • Irrigation water cost- 5000 INR
  • Water system maintenance - 5000 INR
  • Labor cost- 13000 INR
  • Transportation cost- 12000 INR
Total cost- 53000 INR

Bamboo farming profit per acre

Bamboo farming profit or the profit margin remains negative till the first three years, because of no yield. From 3rd year, the first income from bamboo farming keeps a negative overall margin because of 3 years investment. 
From the 4th year, first time, profit margin covers the investment of the same year. From 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, and so on, profit margin increase by 3 to 4 times of initial investment. As you know bamboo yield starts to come from t3he rd or 4th year, it covers all time investment in the next 4 to 5 crops(including maintenance cost).

1st-year profit

Total Bamboo yield- 0 
Total Bamboo price-0
Profit margin- 0

2nd-year profit

Total Bamboo yield- 0
Total Bamboo price- 0
Profit margin- 0

3rd-year profit

Total Bamboo yield- 850 Bamboo( 5 per plant with 15% mortality)
Total Bamboo price- 850x110= 93500 INR
Profit margin- 93500-112200= -18700 INR(Negative)

4th-year profit

Total Bamboo yield- 1190 Bamboo
Total Bamboo price - 130900 INR
Profit margin- 130900-51000=79900 INR

5th-year profit

Total Bamboo yield- 1360 Bamboo
Total Bamboo price- 161200 INR
Profit margin- 161200-53000= 108200 INR

Bamboo farming profit scope in countries  like India

In past recent years, Bamboo demand is increasing in India in form of ....., etc. 

To fulfill this demand, India imports bamboos from other neighbouring countries in a very large number. 

To understand Bamboo farming and market structure let's understand some basics-

Hesitation in bamboo cultivation among small local farmers

Small Indian farmers hesitation towards Bamboo cultivation is quite obvious. They hesitate because of slow profit and no yield till 3 to 5 years. They don't want to invest their time in Bamboo cultivation because they have the option of fast yielding seasonal crops. Instead of letting their lands empty for such a long duration of Bamboo cultivation, they are able to do mixed cropping or polyhouse farming or mushroom farming or seasonal crops like Rabi, Kharif, and Zaid. 

Almost 85% of Indian farmers are small ones, they can't afford zero return for next 3 to 4 years without any subsidy and backup.

 Odd bamboo crop among seasonal crops

Unlike any other 3 to 4 months crop, or annual crops, or short period crops, the first bamboo yield takes 3 to 5 years to be ready. 

Market structure and transportation

Local Indian agriculture markets(APMC) doesn't provide transportation facilities for bamboo transportation at cheaper prices. Bamboo transportation is a costly element after harvesting. It can directly affect the profit margin after harvesting.  

If the marketing of the yield is not proper then the profit margin will not be satisfactory. 

Is Bamboo farming profitable in India?

How a person can't understand that if India is importing Bamboo from other neighbouring countries, it means India has a high demand for bamboo. Because of international imports, taxes increase their average price. Imported bamboo is costly than country bamboo. 

So now it is clear that the country bamboo cultivation has a very giant scope of the high price value of bamboo. 

I think this will be enough to understand that bamboo farming is profitable in India. 

The above information is not enough to know the profit margin of bamboo farming in India. Although after the first yield the total investment does not get a return from the 3rd or 4th yield, the profit recovers the overall total investment. From the 5th yield, profit starts to increase by 1.3 times of margin with total investment. On the 6th yield, the profit margin increase by 2 times the total investment. On later yields, it increases up to 3 times the investment on that particular year. 

Following points and factors are too important to consider before getting started the bamboo cultivation-

  • Bamboo farming is a long-term investment and practice. You can't expect any profit till the next 3 to 4 years but you have to invest for the same period. 
  • You need proper labor with you at harvesting, one can't do it single-handedly. 

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