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Rain water harvesting system, agricultural model, method process, drip irrigation with rainwater harvesting, and requirements

Water shortage become a big problem around the world now. In the future, water shortage can take a destructive form and can stake the life of humans for drinking water. Not even drinking water, also for other usages.

To overcome the water shortage problems and conserve water, a rainwater harvesting system is a very impactful model. 

Let's understand the rainwater harvesting system and model so that you can implement it on your own. 

Rainwater harvesting system for houses

A rainwater harvesting system is a method that can be helpful in terms of sustainability. In those regions, where the climate is odd, they face the problem of water shortage as well as hot region people. 

rain water harvesting system

It works to collects rainwater and stores it for future use. It can implement in regular houses, shops, buildings, stores, or anywhere where roofs are sloppy. 

Let's understand the rainwater harvesting model. 

Rainwater harvesting model

The rainwater harvesting system model working process completes in multiple sections. There are multiple models of rainwater harvesting for particular purposes like general use, industry use, agriculture use, drinking water, etc.

Today, we will understand the agriculture model of the rainwater harvesting system.

Let's understand section by section. 

Sections and process of rainwater harvesting system for agriculture

Collection of rainwater

This is the first section of rainwater harvesting, where the system is designed to collect rainwater with the help of a funnel and pipes.

rain water harvesting system model

These pipes fix downwards with the sloppy terrace of the houses. The open end of funnels fix with the end of the sloppy rooftop and connect with the pipelines all around the house.

Storage of rainwater

The second section starts with the pipelines. These funnel attached pipelines end in the storage chambers to collect water. These chambers can be sized of your need over the ground or underground. 

The popular way is to make them underground for ground space. These pipes end in these chambers where water can rest for longer periods.

Although if you keep water in chambers for a longer period then it will not help in agriculture. So time to time water treatment is important in the chambers. 

You can add multiple chambers underground with the help of pipelines. 

Distribution or supply for further use

Now, you have collected water. So you need to pump it further for irrigation and other usages. 

You need valves and a pumping motor on the other side of the underground tanks. You just have to connect the chambers with the electric pumping motors through pipes. Next, attach a valve to the other end of the pump. This valve controls the water supply from the underground chambers. 

This valve connects the pipes in further tanks. These tanks can because as drip irrigation water sources or direct sources of water for agriculture.   

Requirements to make a Rainwater harvesting system for agriculture

Water collecting drain funnel pipelines

Water draining system- Fix the sloppy roof with funnels all around the roof boundaries.  

Funnel size- 4 funnels on every vertex of each with 10 inches funnel.   

Pipes- 4 inches pipes connect funnels with the chambers. Height depends on your house. 

Underground storage chambers

Non-leaking chambers- construct with bricks and cement. Use a tarpaulin sheet to make it waterproof. 

Connecting holes in each chamber- Two 4 inches holes in each underground chamber. One to connect them and one to supply water further through pipelines. 

Final supply pump and valves

Supply pipeline- 4 inches PVC pipes. 

Electric pump- 2 horse power 

Valves- High-quality valves to control the water supply. 

Storage tank for direct supply- 5000 liters tank for further supply. Connect valve on the other side of the 5000 liters tank. 

Rainwater harvesting system with drip irrigation for agriculture

The rainwater harvesting system can be complemented by the modern method of irrigation. Drip irrigation is very impactful when you have a water shortage. 

You just have to connect the drip irrigation system with the final supply tank and it will be active your drip irrigation water. 

This combination of rainwater harvesting and drip irrigation is a very sustainable and highly modern method that can be very impactful in the least rain or water shortage regions.

How rainwater harvesting systems can be used in agriculture practices?

There are many primary and complementary rainwater harvesting system models for irrigation purpose. Some of them are following- 

Submersible storage rainwater harvesting

Instead of underground water tanks, it is possible to restore the water in the ground. By using a submersible, you can restore water in the ground easily. 

You have to connect the end of rooftop rainwater harvesting pipes directly to the submersible.

This is a very long-lasting futuristic method for water conservation. This is highly sustainable for future use. It has multiple benefits including regaining moisture in the soil, avoiding drought, for irrigation, drinking water, etc.

Drip irrigation and rainwater harvesting

One of the most significant and modern methods that can use in water shortage regions is drip irrigation. In agriculture, drip irrigation can increase production even in the overall lack of water. 

The combination of drip irrigation with rainwater harvesting systems is significant. 

Irrigation sprinkler and rainwater harvesting

Like the drift irrigation method, an irrigation sprinkler is also a valuable irrigation technique that can be helpful in future irrigation. 

Spraying through narrow pipes connected with rainwater harvesting is helpful for almost every type of crop. 

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