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Terrace vegetable garden, containers, list, space management, and setup cost

People are becoming aware of the vegetable quality in the market. They know many vegetables are growing in harmful chemical fertilizers. 

In urban areas, the land is costly so everyone can't grow vegetables at home. To solve this problem, you can make a terrace vegetable garden at home. You can grow most of the varieties of  vegetables at home

Let's understand how can you grow vegetables in the terrace garden with proper space management. 

Terrace vegetable garden and setup 

To start a vegetable garden on your terrace, you need a proper setup of basic requirements to grow and protect vegetables. Let's understand what are these requirements and how to implement them. 

Terrace vegetable garden requirements

Soil mixture preparation

For every plant vegetable, you need a particular ratio of garden soil, organic compost, and river sand. This mixture combination provide all the necessary elements for initial and further growth to each plant. 

Terrace vegetable garden

Suppose, to grow cauliflower at home, you need 40% garden soil, 30% organic compost, and 30% river sand. It means in a10 kg soil mixture, you need 4kg garden soil, 3kg organic compost, and 3kg river sand. 

This soil mixture provides all the elements required for cauliflower for sprouting and initial growth. For further growth, you need organic compost to increase fertility.

Type of containers/soil beds/pots

Unlike fruit plants, vegetable plants need wider space, also not too deep as fruit pots. For most of the vegetables, you need rectangular containers. These rectangular containers can be deep 6 to 8 inches. 

The material of containers can be solid plastic, wooden, cement pots, etc.

Each pot must have drainage holes to drain extra water. You can take 50x30 square cm, 15 to 20 cm deep containers for most of the vegetables. For single plant growing vegetables, you can take 25 to 30 square cm in diameter and 15 to 20 cm deep containers for bigger vegetable plants.

Irrigation spray bottles

Although you can use manual utensils for irrigation of vegetable plants but still spray bottles are very useful. These spray bottles provide a certain amount of water to each plant. 

Compost and fertilizers

In terrace gardens, it is best to use organic compost or vermicompost. The chemical fertilizers can increase the growth of plants but they are not productive and healthy. Organic compost is harmless and doesn't burn the plants.

You can also use vermicompost, which is equivalent to organic compost. 

But you are suggested to provide a liquid mixture of compost(with water) in the summer season. 

Sunlight protection shelter in summer

In the summer season, although you choose summer season vegetables still the high temperature is not good for plants. Direct sunlight can burn the plant vegetables. So you need to protect them from an unnecessary amount of sunlight. 

You can use shelter made of sunlight-reducing sheets. This net sheet can reduce the sunlight by up to 80%. You can use 50% sunlight to reduce net shelter at your terrace and two times water showering for each plant in the summer season.  

Terrace garden vegetable list

Terrace garden vegetable list for the summer season

  • Pumpkin
  • Spinach
  • Gourd
  • Tomatoes
  • Onions
  • Beans
  • Bitter gourd
  • Brinjal
  • Okra

Terrace garden vegetable list for the winter season

  • Cabbages
  • Onions
  • Potatoes
  • Carrots
  • Turnip 
  • Broccoli
  • Peas
  • Spinach

Space management in terrace vegetable garden

Considering you have a 15x15 square meter area empty at your terrace. You can make vertical platforms to get more space. Leaving some space for going, you can make three wooden or material platforms each with three slabs. 

These platforms are open toward the sun. Each slab will contain 10 containers, so one whole platform can provide space for 30 plants vertically. So you will have space for 90 containers in your vertical platforms. Now you have left a 14x14 square meter area for other containers. You can add 50 more containers here. 

Leave some space for you and you can arrange these pots on your terrace. 

It is suggested to you that use lightweight material to make platforms otherwise it can create extra load on the terrace.  

How to setup terrace vegetable garden for vegetables

In summer

In summer you can use bigger pots ahead of small plant pots. This provides natural shelter to small plants to handle the high temperature of direct sunlight. But you need to extra care of bigger pots along with the right placement. 

When you fix the sunlight-reducing shelter, you need to place bigger pots in the most comfortable place. Then you can follow small plants in their shadow. 

If you are using plastic pots, then make sure you keep them on a platform otherwise they can melt at high temperatures. You can polyhouse as an optional method to handle all the difficulties

In winters

In winters, because of high moisture in the air, and also too cold dew at night, you need temporary shelters for each plant. Under the open sky, plants may die in winters because of dew. 

With the appearance of sunlight, you can remove the shelter from the terrace garden and then follow the same at night.

You can also use polyhouse at your terrace for vegetables.

Terrace vegetable garden setup cost

Considering you have a 15x15 square meter empty area on the rooftop.

So following is the estimation of the terrace vegetable garden setup estimated cost- 

  • Platform making cost- 30,000 INR
Containers cost(plastic)
  • Platforms containers cost- 3,000 INR
  • On ground containers cost- 2,500 INR

  • Water shower bottle cost- 3x100= 300 INR
  • Compost cost- 6,000 INR(for entire cultivation) 
  • Shelter cost- 20,000 INR

The total cost of a terrace vegetable garden- 61,800 to 63,000 INR 

In the case of polyhouse, you need to spend extra money. So for a 15x15 square meter area-

Polyhouse making cost- 80,000 INR to 1,00,000 INR

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